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The Nikon D series has long been a good choice for photographers who wanted a very capable compact DSLR that offer a higher level of enthusiast features than the D series that sits below it. Nikon’s latest model – the D – continues that trend, though the differences between it and the D that came before it aren’t enormous. The D , introduced in the fall of , impressed us with its image quality, flip-out LCD, and feature set.

We were less enthused about its menu system and live view performance. So what’s changed? In brief, the D has a smaller and lighter body with an improved grip, a faster processor, touch-enabled LCD, ‘flat’ picture control, and built-in Wi-Fi. We’ll see later if the company addressed some of the issues that we encountered with the D To say the D sits in a crowded field is an understatement.

The D appears to use the same The D also features Nikon’s latest Expeed 4 image processing engine. The design of the D has changed for the better. It uses what is known as a monocoque design which allows the body to be a single unit that also ‘increases durability without weighing it down’, according to Nikon.

Indeed, the camera is very light and compact – even more than the D The grip is also much deeper than on the D, making it a whole lot easier to hold onto. Nikon has also added touch functionality to the already-nice 3. Something has disappeared though, and that’s the built-in GPS that was featured on the D It’s probably a safe bet that Nikon is assuming that people will use their smartphone app to handle geotagging on the D As you can see, the D is an upgrade in every respect, save for the lack of a GPS, though we wonder how often that feature is used in general.

The size of the grip is better than what’s found on Nikon’s more expensive D While the LCD itself hasn’t changed, the addition of touch functionality makes the somewhat frustrating shortcut menu easier to use. One addition that many won’t even notice is an eye sensor, which will turn off the LCD when you put your eye to the optical viewfinder.

The D is available in three kits in most regions. Adding the collapsible mm F3. Everyone advises to buy the best camera you can afford, but I need an honest objective opinion on the D for my goals. Is it not enough for the long term? Is it user friendly for beginners?

Also, heard great things about Canon SL3 but its been impossible to find one. I check only refurbished cameras from reputable stores. Is there a camera I might be missing? Id love some input! Point of clarification: With the D did Nikon finally address the infamous “must exit and reenter LiveView to change aperture”? The wording of the review implies you can now change aperture while in LiveView though still not while a video is being recorded.

Count how many times the author says “while He sure does like using the word “while” a lot. I wonder why this shutter shock thing does not seem to withhold people from buying this camera. For me it certainly is a dealbreaker. The expectation that the best of sharpness in my foto’s will be ruined, takes away my buying fun. But maybe I’m taking the review too seriously Please help with a sincere opinion.

My right eye is suffering of cataracts, an I am using now all the time glasses correcting a They also react to the light becoming darker outside. Without glasses I will see badly through the optical viewfinder. With glasses I may have difficulties because the eye is not close enough to the rubber, not to mention that the autofocus points may not be “focused” by my glasses, being so close to the lens.

Shortly, how do you use it? Assuming that at least a fourth of the world’s population has more or less, the same problem Would a viewfinder of a competitor in the same class, Rebel, G85, act much-much better then Nikon’s? The viewfinder on DSLRs can generally be corrected for glasses..

The bigger difference in viewfinder is if the camera uses a Pentamirror or a Pentaprism. You want the Pentaprism as it is brighter. Many of the cheaper, low end crop bodies use a Pentamirror such as this D Pentax cameras adopt a Pentaprism in even the lower end bodies though produced today.

I’m not sure about Canon. Two weeks ago I sold my Samsung NX30, because I coundn’t find an external flahs for it and because Samsung has abandoned this line production. For replacing it, I got the Nikon D I really expected more for such branded camera. I really hope the images are better than NX30 although the chart where we can compare various models in this review shows a significant worse image quality compared to NX I’m very concerning about my decision Let’s see in more details: – the butons and controls: NX30 has a higher and to me, rotating control on top, also, has one key for the modes of braket, timer and single shot; – the mode selector has some shortcuts to WiFi real wi-fi, not the Nikon’s joke , scene modes with the great Portrait retouch mode ; – the pop-up flash has radio control by wirelless – unfortunately, it works very well on Samsung proprietaru flash ; – the EVF is almost perfect for ultra light situations and you see what the camera is capturing.

All – ALL – informations on display are on EVF; Nikon has a mirror and this makes all difference, cutting any image or info when shooting; the only poblem with NX30 evf is the frame rate when making movies For killing the Nikon ovf, nx30 is protuding, which is the most for pictures or movies!

Continuing: The controls on backs in Nikon are just keys. NX30 has also a rotating control; The display on Nikon is bigger, but Samsung is Super Amoled, very visible; The lenses: although in less number of options, they are the most one can need for simple occasions.

I had the mm – motorized in focus and zoom does Nikon has any affordable priced lens with motorized zoom? D has better low light performance according to DxOMark.

After about 5 months i don’t feel good with this camera. I can say everything is good except AF accuracy. Anyone know the model number of the Sony IMX sensor in the d?

It is very impressive and has caused me to retire my d except as a backup camera. I bought one too. I had the opportunity to try the D against the D, and D Canon Competition, and came away with this camera the D as my choice.

Mostly for the video. Not in a super hurry for 4K quite yet since most of my friends have p tech, as do I. The thing that so impressed me was the balance, low weight, excellent touch screen interface, and solid image quality. I want the flat profile to take advantage of the D’s wide dynamic range.

I may get the D some day, or the D, but so far, I am not really in a hurry to do so. I bought it today from internet. At ISO grains or noise are not noticeable. I like it because i usually shoot at a small room lit by 1 small white bulb. I tested with a mm NVR plus as small amount of built in flash. It is much lighter compared to my D, grip is very good and viewfinder is OK to me.

Sorry i can’t compare to high end which i have not used. I have been using Nikon D for past 7 months. Viewfinder gets completely washed out if sun is too bright. Anyone else having this problem? I can’t see a way to adjust brightest of readings in viewfinder. Local camera shop had no clue. Nikon hasn’t answered my question about it either. Is this unique to me? They’re all too close and too varying conditions Really.

I am not much into video , So does the price difference between D and D is really worth it. Also what do you think of buying D over D as I dont think touch screen is useful for me. It’s not much different, but enough for me to chose the d over the d A far superior option would be the d refurb.

It has many more features to grow into for just a little more size and weight. They do Not have the flip out screen! I have a flip screen on my d, but rarely use it, and need it even less. The bodies that offer motor drive af and metering for non af lenses open up a ton of options for you in the used lens market. Lots of great glass available for cheap.


Nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free. Capture NX2 users can open D750 NEF files


Lots of luck ever getting a built-in motor drive on a D class body. I wouldn’t hold my breath. I guess I used the wrong word, not so much a motor drive as in shutter releases.

But a built in focus motor I guess is what I mean. I was refering to the I would like a Nikon with built in focus motor and a articulated screen, thats a dx camera. I can’t afford an FX model.

Sorry for the confusion. Yes me too! I have a three AF screw lenses they were a gift. Still a newb though. WE ARE waiting for it!!!!! One good viewfinder away from being a really good deal for its class.

Pentax historically have pwned in this category- much larger viewfinders in their class. Sorry with EVFs being so good, a lack of a really good optical finder like this is a big issue with me. These small viewfinders rebel cameras too are so half a decade ago old. Does anyone have any insights on the lack of a front control dial?

Surely it can’t cost a great deal? I imagine there are many photographers who would be absolutely fine with the AF, FPS etc of the D, and may not even care about a second LCD, but would have to really consider going up to the D7xxx just for that extra manual control. I’d like to think it’s not an entirely cynical move, maybe some people are afraid of the extra controls? But honestly can’t those people just keep using auto and ignore an extra dial anyway The reason is they want you to go to the more expensive model for that extra dial.

They try hard to make a distinctive difference between their models. It’s just a software feature. What I ended up doing with the D is dropping the exposure compensation by that amount and then bracketing, which worked fine in most situations. I too Encounter with my D the overexposure problem by the way, it was a Problem, that i did not Encounter with my beloved but old D Can I please ask you a question: When bracketing with the D Around one 10th of the times?

Or less? Does the D have a way to bias the meter, like you can with the D, D, etc. Momentarily forgetting. Can check tomorrow It’d be in the metering menu, btw. Rishi: my sincere apologies.

It is only now, that I realized that you were answering my question to another team-member of the excellent dpreview team. Yes, with the D too I can bias the meter; either through the “exposure compensation” button as Jeff described in his review; or through the “Brightness” Option of “Picture Control Settings”.

The Problem however, is that such biasing will also affect those many fotos that would otherwise be correctly metered. This is just shifting the problem from one subset of photos that would be otherwise overexposed to another subset of photos that would otherwise be correctly metered.

In his review, Jeff therefore suggested use of Exposure bracketing. Hoping Nikon will address the problem. Pretty sure Jeff was commenting that the camera in general overexposes by a bit. You should be able to fix this by biasing the meter, but honestly I can’t remember if the D has this option.

The higher end cameras do. Just kidding, of course :. I was considering the D and even the D’s still lying around just to save a little coin. But no, once I held the D in my hand, the decision was made instantly. Please stop speaking about a product you didn’t even handle.

I bought D though I was reluctant in the beginning. The articulating screen is another boon I’m not going to pass, this is why I discarded D Actually, D competes with my Sony RX10 for street photography and events. I took the kit, and I’m satisfied with the new kit lens that is way better than the I had with my D Read more. Nikon has released firmware version 1.

But what about sports photography? We decided to bring it to the soccer field and pit it against a DSLR to see if it could keep up. The results? Find out here. We were also able to ask pointed technical questions regarding innovative technologies in Nikon cameras, and the answers were very enlightening.

Click through to read the interview. The Sigma 20mm F1. Does it take pretty pictures though? We have the answers. Sigma’s been on a roll with their mirrorless Art series lenses. Does the new 24mm F1. It brings a new, 25MP sensor and bit 4K capture at up to p.

We’ve put it to the test, both in the studio and out in the field. In our tests it delivers big performance and offers a few good reasons why you might choose a 12th-Gen Intel laptop over a Mac. Canon’s high end APS-C mirrorless camera has plenty of compelling features, but is it worth the price?

Jordan took it on vacation to find out. These capable cameras should be solid and well-built, have both speed and focus for capturing fast action and offer professional-level image quality. What’s the best camera for shooting landscapes? High resolution, weather-sealed bodies and wide dynamic range are all important. In this buying guide we’ve rounded-up several great cameras for shooting landscapes, and recommended the best. If you’re looking for the perfect drone for yourself, or to gift someone special, we’ve gone through all of the options and selected our favorites.

Although a lot of people only upload images to Instagram from their smartphones, the app is much more than just a mobile photography platform. In this guide we’ve chosen a selection of cameras that make it easy to shoot compelling lifestyle images, ideal for sharing on social media. The latest version of Sigma’s 20mm F1. Check out our gallery, including some astro images, to see how it performs! Two of the GPUs are designed for workstation desktops, while a third is for laptops. This second-generation adapter is smaller, faster and quieter than its predecessor.

Midwest Photo was robbed late last week after a stolen truck broke through the store’s front entrance. The store is in the progress of recovering from the damage and stolen goods.

Photographers should be on the lookout for any suspicious product listings online. Travel with Peter to see how he shoots, and view some of the spectacular photos he captures along the way. Includes sample gallery. We go hands-on with Sigma’s latest ‘Digital Native’ wide-angle lenses for L-mount and Sony E-mount cameras to see what features they have and what sets them apart from the rather limited competition.

Sony has announced in-camera forgery-proof photo technology for its a7 IV mirrorless camera. The technology, aimed at corporate users, cryptographically signs images in-camera to detect future pixel modification and tampering. It uses tracks, cords and hooks to store your gear flat against the wall without hiding it from view. The new Sigma 24mm F1. Check out our sample gallery to see how sharp it is, as well as how it handles flare, chromatic aberrations and sunstars.

Sigma’s new 20mm F1. Chris and Jordan run through their absolute favorite lenses for Sony E-Mount, including both Sony lenses and third party options. Nikon has released the financial results for the first quarter of its fiscal year, revealing increased year-over-year revenue and profits. Alfie Cameras is launching its Alfie TYCH next month on Kickstarter, but before then it needs beta testers to see how its triple lens half-frame camera performs.

NASA is preparing for a simulated Mars mission that will house four crew members in a module on Earth. The crew will remotely control drones and rovers to collect rock samples on a simulated Mars. Skypersonic, a remote control drone company, is supplying mission-critical technology as part of the mission.

The explosion created one of the most energetic short-duration gamma-ray bursts ever observed. The Tamron Lens Utility Mobile app is set to launch later this year. The app will let you use your compatible Android device to control, customize and update compatible Tamron lenses without the need for a computer.

The images, which appear to be screenshots from a press briefing, reveal some of the details of the forthcoming lens. The Peter McKinnon camera tool features a patent-pending design that features integrated Phillips and flathead drivers, as well as extendable arms capable of holding four other bits that can be swapped out to fit your needs. Nikon has updated the firmware for its Nikkor Z 50mm F1. Is this good or bad for the industry, and what are the long-term implications?

Reading mode: Light Dark. Login Register. Best cameras and lenses. Now reading: Nikon D Review comments. Previous 1 Introduction. Nikon D key features And that’s about it as far as major changes go. Tags: review , nikon. Next page. Nikon D Discuss in the forums See full product details View sample images. We are retrieving offers for your location, please refresh the page to see the prices. View Comments Comments All Skyscape Count how many times the author says “while PeterJohan I wonder why this shutter shock thing does not seem to withhold people from buying this camera.

Valentin Apostol Please help with a sincere opinion. Artur – Brasil Two weeks ago I sold my Samsung NX30, because I coundn’t find an external flahs for it and because Samsung has abandoned this line production. Artur – Brasil Let’s see in more details: – the butons and controls: NX30 has a higher and to me, rotating control on top, also, has one key for the modes of braket, timer and single shot; – the mode selector has some shortcuts to WiFi real wi-fi, not the Nikon’s joke , scene modes with the great Portrait retouch mode ; – the pop-up flash has radio control by wirelless – unfortunately, it works very well on Samsung proprietaru flash ; – the EVF is almost perfect for ultra light situations and you see what the camera is capturing.

Artur – Brasil Continuing: The controls on backs in Nikon are just keys. Ashkan Anisi After about 5 months i don’t feel good with this camera.

Tactical Falcon I bought one too. DanBahrami I bought it today from internet. JoeyRoa i got this new D, so far my test was in a lowlight situation and the result was very good to me. Gesture Maybe the lighting?

ShutterBugAmritansh I am not much into video , So does the price difference between D and D is really worth it. Currently I am using D for past 5 years. Rob Trek I have a flip screen on my d, but rarely use it, and need it even less. Korinth7 I have a D and I am considering the D instead of a D7xxx series camera in large part due to the flip screen.

Gesture Exactly. Will B3 My D arrived today, and it is at least as small as all the reviewers say, and in my hands seems even smaller. ISO can be over 6k. On screen settings are adjustable on screen as well. AF mode Face and 3d tracking. This camera packs quite the punch Christopher I am considering almost the exact same thing. Christopher Rebel XS upgrade.

I went with the Canon T6s. Christopher I have Canon lenses so I wasn’t switching. Bob Feaster I currently use a D90 and am considering the D Jerry Nice Hey,Minihelp.

The pics are very nice. Just wondering what lens were you using? Dave Mitchell Absolutely correct!! Antonis30 Depends on what kind of photographs you wish to shoot, i. Donnie AI Hi anthonylei that’s good to hear.

Roger Andout I seldom, if ever, used the limited video on my D Mister Joseph I’m contemplating of getting a D over a D as a 2nd body for my D, to be particularly used with my so I get more than mm at 24MP. Please tell me if there is a better solution that what is available. J Roger I’m confused a bit Willy Loman Yea I’m a bit confused on this as well.

Willy Loman. Thermidor I tried this camera in the store, really liked the grip, solid build and image quality. Nice Lady Productions You can use the fn button on the side of the camera, along with the command dial on the back to change the ISO.

Thermidor Ah, thanks, didn’t know that! I should give it a try the next time I’m in a store. It will change ISO as the camera would change F stops. BT Czanik Too bad that you haven’t yet heard of DSLRdashboard, a free Android app that offers wi-fi control of each and every camera setting, but then again, I guess that everyone has a right to freedom of religion.

Ben O Connor Cons: Existence of a thing called “mirror”!!! Thermidor I like electronic viewfinders, but they can be exhausting to the eye for long shoots, which is why I still use a DSLR for my work shoots. Broadway engraving Nice i like it. Igor Adamovic Now we have flat profile for video I’m wondering why but still we can’t change aperture in live view. Nice Lady Productions The Flat picture style really does a great job capturing the most dynamic range of the Nikon D Where’s the D replacement?

WL chandler I am waiting for Nikon to make a dx dslr that has articulated screen with buit in motor drive. WL chandler I guess I used the wrong word, not so much a motor drive as in shutter releases.

Bull Lily Yes me too! BodgeandDurn Does anyone have any insights on the lack of a front control dial? Photobiotic The reason is they want you to go to the more expensive model for that extra dial.

I will also appreciate feedback from others. Thank You very much in advance. Robert Eckerlin Rishi: my sincere apologies. Rishi Sanyal Pretty sure Jeff was commenting that the camera in general overexposes by a bit. Not sure the ‘Brightness’ option of ‘Picture Control’ biases the actual meter HeyItsJoel The new grip on this camera alone justifies the upgrade in my opinion.

Altruisto Please stop speaking about a product you didn’t even handle. You may also like. Fujifilm X-E3 Review. More about gear in this article. Latest sample galleries. Sigma 20mm F1. Sigma 24mm F1. Canon EOS R10 production sample gallery. See more galleries ».

Latest in-depth reviews. Read more reviews ». Latest buying guides. Best cameras for landscape photography in Best drones in Best video cameras for photographers in Best cameras for Instagram in Check out more buying guides ». Discover more challenges ». Aug 10, Aug 10, 21 video. Aug 10, 11 sample gallery.

Aug 9, Midwest Photo is recovering after yet another major camera gear robbery. Aug 9, 50 Sponsored. Hands-on: A closer look at Sigma’s new 20mm F1. Sony’s a7 IV gets anti-forgery crypto signature technology for commercial purposes. Aug 8, camera news. Aug 8, Aug 8, 46 video. Aug 8, 26 sample gallery.

Sigma announces 24mm F1. Aug 8, 30 lens news. Sigma reveals 20mm F1. Aug 8, 83 lens news. Aug 6, video. Aug 5, 97 camera news. Aug 5, Aug 5, 5. Scientists use ALMA observatory to capture neutron star merger for the first time ever.

Aug 4, Aug 4, review. Tamron is developing an Android app that will let you update and customize your lenses on-the-go.

Aug 3, Aug 3, lens news. Canon says the camera market has ‘largely bottomed out,’ expects pro and ‘advanced amateur’ segments to grow. Aug 2, Nikon adds linear focus mode to three of its Z-mount lenses via firmware update.

Aug 2, lens news. Remote ID for drones ruled constitutional. Is that a good or bad thing for drone owners? Aug 2, review. Tips or suggestions? Contact us! Axial chromatic aberration is a variation in focal length; lateral chromatic aberration, a variation in magnification. Lateral chromatic aberration: Light wavelengths differ depending upon color. Differences in the length of the wavelengths result in changes in image magnification and become visible at image peripheries.

Lateral Chromatic Aberration is the cause of color fringing. Lateral chromatic aberration is reduced to some degree by combining different lens elements with different refractive indexes, but optically speaking, it cannot be completely eliminated.

In addition to red and its complimentary color, cyan, and blue and its complimentary color, yellow, some lenses may exhibit complex color fringing that combines these two primary types. It is greatly reduced by low-dispersion ED glass. A person who uses a motion picture camera to record the actual film footage shot during the making of a motion picture. Director of Photography is an equivalent title.

On large budget “Hollywood” productions, cinematographers or director’s of photography are responsible for the artistic and technical decisions related to capture of the film or digital video, as many of today’s motion pictures are being recorded using digital capture devices. The art and science of photographing a motion picture. The cinematographer is responsible for capturing the actual film footage using a motion picture camera which can be film or digital based.

Nikon Inc. Live view not used. Real life results will vary depending on factors such as temperature, use conditions and the number of times the battery is recharged. In photography, the circle of confusion CoC is used to determine the depth of field, the part of an image that is acceptably sharp.

A standard value of CoC is often associated with each image format, but the most apprpriate value depends on visual acuity, viewing conditions and the amount of enlargement. Properly, this is the maximum permissible circle of confusion diameter limit, or the circle of confusion criterion, but is simply called circle of confusion.

Real lenses do not focus all rays perfectly, and so, even at best focus, a point is imaged as a spot rather than a point. The smallest such spot that a lens can produce is often referred to as the circle of least confusion. Converts linear polarized light waves to circular polarized light waves. Required whenever polarizing is desired using autofocus cameras and cameras that have semi-silvered reflex mirrors.

When shooting a Cityscape Time-lapse movie, an option available in select Nikon cameras, the camera shoots at a pre-defined interval for 10 minutes, creating a final 10 second time-lapse movie in the camera.

This innovative technology improves screen visibility for a more vivid, clear image when taking and sharing pictures. Reflections are minimized while contrast and power savings are improved. These lenses provide an easy way to increase magnification. Even when attached, you can use automatic exposure control and TTL metering.

All lenses are treated with Nikon Integrated Coating to improve contrast and reduce flare. The higher the close-up lens number, the closer you can focus. Close up is a scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras used to photograph small objects and subjects at close range.

Cloudy is a white balance setting. When manually setting the white balance on your digital camera, and shooting under cloudy lighting conditions you use the cloudy setting to balance the available light so it is captured correctly by the camera. Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor, one of the two main types of image sensors used in digital cameras.

The resulting improvement in noise and sensitivity reduction makes the select COOLPIX cameras more capable when shooting night scenes or in dark indoor situations. Cyan, magenta, yellow and black, the primary colors used in commercial color printing from which all other printing colors are derived. If the white balance of a scene does not match the lighting under which the scene is being photographed, a color cast can occur.

For example, daylight is normally cooler than incandescent lighting, so if you photograph a subject lit by an incandescent light and the white balance of the camera is set for daylight, the image will look warmer because that type of lighting is warmer orangeish in color than daylight.

If the camera was set for incandescent and you photograph a subject in daylight, the image would look cooler blueish. A filter that alters the color temperature of light to make it suitable for the film in use. It enables you to use daylight-type film indoors or tungsten-type film outdoors. The camera detects and colors the outlines of subjects in the scene for a color sketch effect.

When shooting D-movies in this mode, the video playback looks like a slide show made up of a series of still photos. A scale used for rating the color quality of light. Measured in degrees Kelvin K. The temperature of daylight on a sunny day is expressed as K; light from a tungsten lamp, K to K. The image of a point source of light is prevented from being brought into focus, but instead appears shaped as a comet or teardrop. Coma can be reduced by stopping down the lens. For cameras that offer this feature check your manual to see if yours offers this feature the D-SLR’s built-in flash or external accessory Speedlight can be set to Commander mode, which makes that flash the master flash, controlling remote optional flash units in one or more groups.

Compact binoculars are small, lightweight and convenient, and they can be taken anywhere binoculars are needed. A type of storage card, available in a range of capacities, that’s used in digital cameras to store images captured by the camera. The card can be erased when the images have been transferred or are no longer needed.

Special care should be taken when changing lenses in order to avoid the possibility of dirt or dust entering the camera. Once inside the camera, foreign matter may adhere to the low-pass filter and show up in photographs. To help prevent the appearance of these artifacts in photographs Nikon has created the Comprehensive Dust Reduction System. This system uses a series of high resonance frequencies to vibrate the optical low-pass filter. This dislodges dust on the front of the sensor and reduces dust spots appearing on images.

This system combined with the existing Image Dust Off system in Capture NX 2 provides a full dust prevention system for photographers. Sensor cleaning takes approximately three seconds to complete. If the shutter release is depressed during a sensor clean, cleaning will be cancelled. This enables images to be taken even if a sensor clean has started. Refers to reducing the quality of digital data in an effort to conserve storage space.

For example, the JPEG file format is a compressed format. Continuous is one of the shooting options found in the Auto Mode of select Nikon digital cameras. Continuous allows you to take a series of pictures. Depending upon your camera model, the battery life and remaining memory in the buffer Continuous High lets you take more frames per second than Continuous Low; however if the flash is fired, only one picture will be taken.

Depending upon your camera model, the battery life and remaining memory in the buffer Continuous Low lets you take fewer frames per second than Continuous High; however if the flash is fired, only one picture will be taken.

A mode of autofocus in which focus detection continues as long as the shutter release button is lightly pressed. Continuous is one of the shooting options found in the Auto Mode of Nikon digital cameras.

The camera will take one photograph each time the shutter button is released. Continuous Single is often the default setting.

A measure of the rate of an image’s change of brightness. High contrast implies dark black and bright white content; medium contrast, a good spread from black to white; low contrast, a small spread of values from black to white.

Used with black-and-white film to emphasize contrast in a picture. Yellow Y , orange O , and red R filters are available with contrast increasing in this order. Used to describe changes in apparent magnification when a 35mm lens is used on a D-SLR with a sensor smaller than 24mm x 36mm. The trade name for film scanners manufactured by Nikon. The Close-Range Correction CRC system is one of Nikon’s most important focusing innovations, for it provides superior picture quality at close focusing distances and increases the focusing range.

With CRC, the lens elements are configured in a “floating element” design wherein each lens group moves independently to achieve focusing. This ensures superior lens performance even when shooting at close distances.

The Creative Mode is a shooting mode found on the mode dial of the Nikon 1 J2 camera. The Creative Mode is only for shooting still images, and will not work in movies mode. This is a new feature in the Nikon 1 V3. The camera will automatically detect one of four scenes: portrait, close-up, landscape or other and will then display a ring showing four effects that can be applied to the scene. Brightness, saturation and white balance will change between the different effects as a finger is rotated around the ring or the multi-selector is rotated, so what you see is what you get.

Curvature of Field is a phenomenon in which straight lines are not rendered perfectly straight in the picture. Curvature of field can be improved but not eliminated by stopping down the lens. The Nikon 1 digital cameras utilize the CX format imaging sensor. The optical path at the objective side and eyepiece side is virtually straight, making it possible for the binoculars to be compact and slim. They are more costly to produce because their very small prisms require special grinding and polishing to maintain image integrity.

A film balanced for proper color rendition when exposed in daylight. A lens which allows the photographer to control the degree of spherical aberration in the foreground or background by rotating the lens’ DC ring. This will create a rounded out-of-focus blur that is ideal for portrait photography.

With the DC control set at zero, a DC-Nikkor lens operates in the same way as a non-DC lens with the same focal length and maximum aperture.

The Delayed Remote mode is used when shooting with select Nikon cameras and the ML-L3 remote control, to ensure no camera shake will occur. The Delayed Remote sets the camera’s shutter to release between 2 – 10 seconds after the shutter button on the ML-L3 remote control is pressed.

Available in select cameras such as the Nikon 1 AW1. Calibrate the Depth Gauge on the surface before you enter the water, setting it to zero.

The zone of acceptable sharpness in front of and behind the subject on which the lens is focused. Depth of field varies according to focal length of the lens, chosen aperture and shooting distance. A feature on advanced SLRs that closes the lens down to the actual taking aperture to enable you to see the picture’s depth-of-field.

A measurement of the distance behind the lens wherein the film plane will remain sharply in focus. Depth of focus is sometimes referred to as lens-to-film tolerance. The mechanical device inside a lens that controls the aperture. Any device or substance placed between the central light source and the subject that softens or spreads the light.

Technique of taking film or digital still images or video by attaching a camera to a Fieldscope or Spotting Scope. Digiscoping lets you capture photographs without the use of traditional photographic lenses. Bird watchers and naturalists are some of the people who capture close-up images of wildlife by digiscoping. An image that is represented by discrete numerical values organized in a two-dimensional array.

The conversion of images into a digital form is known as digital imaging. Photography that utilizes a digital camera to produce the image. The digital zoom uses software interpolation to “zoom” into the image further than the actual optical zoom lens in the camera allows.

Because digital zooms use interpolation instead of an actual zoom lens, the resulting image will be of lower quality. Conversion of analog information into digital format so that it can be used by a computer. A measure of lens power equal to the reciprocal of the focal length. Eyeglass prescriptions are generally indicated in diopters. For cameras, the diopter is used as the measure of the dioptric power for the image in the viewfinder.

A separate diopter control allows you to compensate for the difference in eyesight between your right eye and left eye by offsetting the lenses in the two barrels so the image is sharp for each eye. Apparent image distance through optics such as viewfinders. Rated in diopters.

A plus sign is used for positive lenses, a minus sign for negative lenses. The term used to describe optical storage media compact disc. The term used to describe magnetic storage media floppy disk. A phenomenon in which white light rays deviate by different wavelength amounts resulting in a spectrum.

The rainbow created by a prism is the result of dispersion. There are three types of distortion that could affect the shape of the image: Barrel : image deformation causes a rectangle to swell in the center, looking like a barrel the corners of the rectangle are greater than 90 degrees ; Pincushion : image deformation causes the sides of a rectangle to move inward, forming a pincushion or star shape the corners of the rectangle are less than 90 degrees ; or Combinations : the two types can also be combined.

Distortion cannot be corrected by stopping down the lens. It can be improved by the optical combination of positive and negative lens elements. The feature ensures precise subject reproduction and avoids the image distortion that occurs at wide-angle zoom settings or at the peripheries of an image.

A function built into several Nikon D-SLRS and into Nikon’s Capture NX2 imaging program that allows you to brighten subjects that have been underexposed or enhance the contrast of an overexposed subject. Capture sound with the on-board microphone or through the external mic input on select models for vocal memories.

The dramatic impact of your movie making is leveraged by the legendary line of NIKKOR lenses, from ultra-wide-angle and fisheye to super-telephoto.

The camera’s Live View capability makes D-Movies possible. Live View is essentially a video image, played back to the LCD monitor in near real-time for viewing.

D-Movie mode records that image to the camera’s memory card. D-Movies are enhanced by the fact that they are made using NIKKOR lenses, which provide an incredible choice of focal lengths as well as legendary optical quality. They also benefit from an image sensor much larger than a typical camcorder, resulting in higher image quality and exceptional high ISO performance during low-light shooting. Selectively lightening part of a photo using an image editing program or a mechanical technique in a traditional darkroom.

Two exposures on the same frame. With film cameras, the film is not wound forward after the first exposure. In digital photography, a double exposure is most commonly made by combining two images using an image editing program. A file or other information transferred from a camera, media card, CD, DVD, hard drive or the Internet to a computer or from one piece of computer equipment to another. Moving computer data from one location to another. Though the term is normally used to describe the transfer of data from the Internet, it is also used to describe the transfer of photos from a camera’s memory card to a computer.

Dots per inch. A measurement of the resolution of a digital photo or digital device, including digital cameras and printers. The higher the number, the greater the resolution.

It allows users to choose which images they wish to print, from the camera. The camera saves this information in special files on the media card for use at a later time when the images are downloaded to a computer, printer or photo kiosk. When using a COOLPIX digital camera with a touchscreen display, you can draw pictures or write memos on the display and save them as photos using the Draw scene mode.

After the DSCN, a file number will be automatically assigned in ascending order. The camera measures the amount of light reflected from the subject through the lens to automatically control flash output level and give correct exposure. Certain Nikon digital cameras such as the Nikon 1 V1 digital camera utilize a dual shutter system, allowing you to choose from Mechanic, Electronic or Electronic HI shutters depending upon your shooting situation.

The Electronic Shutter is silent and is ideal for use where camera sounds are undesirable. The Electronic HI Shutter’s default setting captures images at a rate of 10 fps. It does support 30 and 60 fps frame rates. Face detection is disabled when using the Electronic HI Shutter. This scene mode preserves the colors seen in the weak natural light that is visible before sunrise or after sunset.

It is suggested a tripod be used when shooting in this scene mode. Digital Video Disc. Most commonly used for movies and video data, its high capacity—4. Film that features embedded information that allows the camera to automatically set the film’s speed. Refers to Nikon cameras that feature a 1. The FX sensor, measuring The DX sensor is smaller, measuring The DX sensor makes possible the production of lighter, smaller cameras, but because it covers a smaller portion of the image projected by the lens, a 1.

This means, for example, a 24mm lens on a DX sensor camera will provide an approximate 36mm view. Photographers use “dynamic range” for the luminance range of a scene being photographed, or the limits of luminance range that a given digital camera or film can capture. The dynamic range of sensors used in digital photography is many times less than that of the human eye and generally not as wide as that of chemical photographic media.

Easy Panorama is a scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras that makes it very easy to take a degree or degree panorama simply by panning the camera during exposure. When the Compass display is set to ON, it is displayed on the shooting screen. Although the E-Compass can be utilized for general use, it should not be the only GPS device that you rely on when hiking in the wilderness, boating, driving, flying, mountain climbing or any other specialized application that requires stringent positioning.

An optical glass developed by Nikon that is used with normal optical glass in telephoto lenses to obtain optimum correction of chromatic aberrations. The actual numbers of pixels the camera’s sensor uses to make the image. The number of effective pixels is often slightly smaller than the total number of pixels, as some pixels are not used in the actual making of the image.

An electromagnetic diaphragm mechanism in the lens barrel provides highly accurate electronic diaphragm or aperture blade control when using auto exposure during continuous shooting. Encapsulated PostScript. A graphic file format that allows the exchange of PostScript graphic files between application programs. Exposure Value. A number that represents available combinations of shutter speed and aperture offering the same exposure effect when scene brightness remains the same.

An exabyte is a unit of information equal to 1, petabytes or approximately 1,,,,,, bytes. One such option is Exchange Messages, which allows you to add voice messages to your images. You can even add responses to initial voice messages. Exchangeable image file. The file format used by most digital cameras. Light that exists naturally at the scene. Also known as available light, it’s often taken to mean only daylight, but many photographers consider it any light or light source that happens to be at the scene.

The exit pupil is the bright circle that can be seen in the center of each eyepiece when you hold the binoculars about 12 inches away from your eyes with the objective lenses pointed toward a bright light. The larger the diameter is, the brighter the viewfield is, which is an important consideration when using binoculars in dark situations and for astronomical observation.

EXPEED 4 is engineered to maximize performance speed, contributing to quicker response time, faster memory card access and data transfers. EXPEED 4 has evolved with the development of new Nikon technologies as well as the improvement of existing technologies. Nikon will continue to improve upon its EXPEED image processing systems to provide photographers with maximum camera performance and the highest quality images possible. EXPEED 5 is engineered to maximize performance speed, contributing to quicker response time, faster memory card access and data transfers.

EXPEED 5 has evolved with the development of new Nikon technologies as well as the improvement of existing technologies. EXPEED C2 continues to expand the possibilities of photography with improved levels of high image quality, fine detail and processing speed. The process of transferring data from one computer, file format, program or device to another. The total amount of light falling on the film or image sensor. Most often measured in the amount of time the light is allowed to reach the sensor, as in “a one-second exposure.

Often used to produce special creative effects or to meet the scene requirements. A display showing the amount by which a photograph recorded at the current aperture and shutter speed will deviate from the optimal exposure selected by the camera. Also known as Extension Tubes. An Extension Ring is a device placed between the lens and camera body to extend the lens-to-film or imaging sensor distance for closer focusing.

Available in various sizes, extension rings can be used singly or in combination to vary the reproduction ratio. Nikon cameras using these support them in Manual focus mode only and they are considered non-CPU lens attachments. A flash unit that operates off the camera. It can be connected to the camera by a cable or fired wirelessly.

The outer ring around the eyepiece that provides the proper eyepoint in relation to the exit pupil. Attaches to the viewfinder eyepiece for eyesight adjustment. Some cameras have this adjustment built-in. Eyepiece Lens ocular is the lens closest to the eye and magnifies the image formed by the objective lens.

Various techniques have been integrated into the eyepiece to meet recently rising demand for binoculars with long eye relief and wide viewfield.

Attaches to the camera’s viewfinder eyepiece to magnify the image for easier manual focusing. Especially useful for manual focusing on subjects with fine detail.

A built-in device that prevents light from entering the camera’s viewfinder eyepiece and adversely affecting the automatic exposure meter reading.

Useful for unattended shooting and self-timer-operation. The farthest point on the optical axis where the entire image inside the viewfinder can be seen.

Eye relief is the distance from the outer surface of the eyepiece lens to the position where the exit pupil is formed eyepoint. Looking through binoculars from the eyepoint, you can obtain the whole field of view without vignetting. Slang term, often used by professional photographers, for a fast lens with large maximum apertures.

Because such a lens will allow more light to reach the film or image sensor, it will allow the use of faster shutter speeds. Record silent fast-motion footage that plays back at about four times normal speed. Playback is one quarter the recording time.

A button on select Nikon digital cameras that gives you acces to select features. The lateral measurement of the area that can be seen at yards. Calculated by multiplying the real angle of view by A computer document; also, a collection of information, such as data, images or text that can be saved on a disk or a hard drive. A technique that uses flash illumination as a supplement to ambient light.

Useful when photographing subjects that are backlit with very high-contrast lighting or in shadow. A plastic or glass lens that fits in front of the camera lens and is used to manipulate or affect the final image. Placed between a filter and the lens when attachment size differs.

A protocol for transferring data to and from digital devices at high speed, often up to megabytes per second. This scene mode uses slow shutter speeds to capture the exploding bursts of fireworks.

Firmware is a read only set of instructions that is embedded in a hardware device to either add or improve function. Sometimes there are two parts to a Nikon firmware update labeled A or B. Some updates will perform either A or B, and some will perform A and B, only one at a time. Some others still will perform both A and B at the same time. Please read the instructions carefully as firmware updates are permanent and cannot be ‘undone’ outside of the service department. Newer firmware versions will overwrite older versions and will also include all previous update changes.

A first for Nikon flash units, the latest firmware for specific Nikon Speedlights can be downloaded from Nikon’s website to a memory card while the Speedlight is mounted on certain Nikon D-SLRs. A lens that has a picture angle of approximately degrees or more. A Special Effect that is available on select Nikon digital cameras, which produces an image that looks as if it was taken with a fisheye lens.

The file size will be smaller than one with a variable bit rate. Because of the smaller size obtainable with a fixed bit rate, it is better for uses of streaming content over the internet. Refers to a lens in which the focus is fixed at the time of manufacture and is not adjustable. These lenses are most often used in single-use cameras. They are also found in phone cameras and webcams. The soft effect visible in a picture resulting from stray light passing through the lens that is not focused to form the primary image.

Flare can be controlled by using optical coating, light baffles, low reflection surfaces or a lens hood. An electronic unit that provides a relatively brief burst of light. A type of camera memory card that can retain data after the system has been turned off.

Also known as a flash memory card or media card. Nikon Speedlights provide improved color accuracy in flash photography thanks to flash color information communication. In Auto White Balance mode, the master Speedlight—the unit attached to the Nikon D-SLR, transmits information to the camera about the color temperature of the light that it is emitting. The information is used by the camera to determine a white balance setting that best matches the color temperature of the flash to the color temperature of the scene’s ambient light, thus allowing the camera to achieve optimum white balance for the scene.

Refers to the very short amount of time it usually takes for a flash to fire. Automatic flash control varies the brightness by varying the duration of the flash.

This feature allows you to add exposure compensation to the amount of flash output that a built-in pop-up Speedlight or accessory Speedlight can output. When a Nikon digital camera with a built-in flash is set to OFF, the flash will not fire, even if the lighting is poor, or the subject backlit. The distance over which a flash can effectively provide light. The speed at which a flash synchronizes with the opening of the shutter. A function of the Nikon Creative Lighting System, Flash Value FV lock maintains the same flash exposure for your main subject when you’re shooting a sequence of photos.

This allows you to zoom in on your subject, change the composition or adjust the aperture, all without altering the intended exposure. Once FV Lock is set on your Nikon Speedlight, the flash value remains at the locked in setting until the FV Lock is pressed a second time, the camera’s light meter times out or the camera is turned off.

Flash is a white balance setting. When manually setting the white balance on your digital camera, and taking pictures using flash lighting, you use the flash setting to color balance the available light and flash so it is captured correctly by the camera. A term often used to indicate an image that’s too low in contrast; a “flat” image. Lighting source or method that produces a low contrast image or depicts a subject with little dimensionality.

A measure of edge-to-edge sharpness. Lack of flatness of field results in image degradation, or the inability to focus sharply on both the center and edges of the image together.

When shooting in the movie mode, the Flicker Reduction option, offered on select Nikon cameras, allows you to compensate for the flicker that may be seen on the display or final movies when shooting under Florescent, Mercury Vapor or Sodium lamps; or if the camera is panned horizontally; or an object moves at high speed through the frame.

A type of photo reflector lamp that can illuminate a rather wide area. A flexible, thin, 3. Not widely used anymore as their storage capacity is limited. Flourescent is a white balance setting. When manually setting the white balance on your digital camera, and shooting under flourescenet lighting you use the flourescent setting to color color balance the light so it is captured correctly by the camera.

Fluorite FL , a lightweight mono-crystal optical material, has excellent optical properties while reducing overall lens weight to improve balance and handling, especially useful in longer focal length lenses. The F Mount is the designation given to the Nikon single lens reflex interchangeable lens mounting system. Noted for its rugged construction and outstanding reliability, the F-Mount is distinctive also for its degree of compatibility with NIKKOR lenses and a design that can accommodate future system advances.

Nikon has maintained the basic structure of the mount for the 50 years of its use, and currently some different NIKKOR lenses are compatible with the system.

The numerical expression of the relative aperture of a lens. The distance from the principal point to the focal point. For a D-SLR that uses an imaging sensor smaller than full frame 35mm film frame , the ratio of the diagonal of the camera’s imaging sensor in comparison to the diagonal of a 35mm frame is the crop factor. This ratio is commonly referred to as a focal length multiplier FLM , since multiplying a lens focal length by the crop factor or FLM gives the focal length of a lens that would yield the same field of view if used on the reference format.

The precise position plane within the camera body, behind the shutter curtain, at which the light gathering surface of the image sensor is fixed. In a film SLR, this is the same plane across which the film would be positioned for each exposure. The focal plane mark is a mark on the exterior of the camera body noting where the focal plane is located inside.

A point on the optical axis where light rays converge to form a sharp image of an object. An element between the mirror and pentaprism or pentamirror in a single-lens-reflex camera. The mirror reflects the image from the lens upward onto the screen. The areas of the image that are in focus are sharply defined on the screen, while the areas that are out of focus appear blurred. The photographer views the image passing through the screen in the viewfinder window.

A method of operation for an autofocus system. Basic focus modes include single servo AF, continuous servo AF and manual focus. An autofocus mode in which the shutter cannot be released until the subject is in focus. The range within which a lens can focus on a selected subject. Often used to indicate the capability of a macro or micro lens.

Enables you to take in-focus pictures of moving subjects. Pertaining to Binoculars. The instrument has been purged of virtually all moisture, air and gaseous water molecules while in a special chamber in an almost-perfect vacuum state. Then the instrument is filled with nitrogen gas and sealed securely with O-rings. It prevents fogging and mold. This scene mode automatically sets the Macro mode, allows for hue adjustments and user movement of the focus area.

The area in a scene that is closer to the photographer than the main subject. Preparing a memory card for use. It is recommended that before each shooting session, digital camera users format their memory card, in the camera, which completely wipes the data that had been on the card. It is recommended that this be done, instead of simply deleting all files.

A feature of flash units and SLR cameras that enables flash pictures to be taken at shutter speeds higher than the camera’s normally synchronized speeds. Frames per second. Refers to the rate at which film is exposed when a camera’s motor drive is engaged; in digital photography, the rate at which image frames are exposed. A single image; also, the scene viewed through the camera’s finder. A photographic technique that is selectable when shooting in the Smart Photo Selector mode of the Nikon 1 system cameras.

Framing Priority is accessed via the F Feature button. It is ideal for use when photographing a stationary subject. The focus locks when the shutter is pressed half way. Freezeproof cameras are designed to be used in frigid temperatures. A technique in which the flash fires an instant after the first front curtain of a focal plane shutter has completed its travel across the film plane.

See also Rear-Curtain Sync. Lighting that illuminates the subject from the position of the camera. Because illumination falls evenly on the subject, a front-lit subject may look flat and less dimensional. A metering method in which light is measured with the lens at maximum aperture. Multilayer Coating is applied to transmission surfaces of all lenses and prisms to enhance light transmittance. Provides a brighter and sharper field of view. When set to AF-F, the camera will focus continuously as long as the shutter release button is pressed.

The focus locks when the shutter button is pressed halfway. AF-F is one of the focus modes that are availalble on select cameras when in Live View. Refers to Nikon cameras that feature a 35mm film-frame size sensor. The FX sensor, with more “light gathering” area, offers higher sensitivity and, generally, lower noise.

There is, of course, no crop factor present with the FX sensor. Gamma is a mathematical term which is used to describes a skew in the middle tones of an image. Gamma values do not affect the overall density range in other words the brightest and darkest points of the color space but will dramatically affect the overall appearance: A low gamma value will produce a saturated, somber image, whereas a higher value will result in a de-saturated, washed-out result.

All imaging devices such as monitors, digital cameras and scanners make use of some sort of gamma value as the conversion between digital and analog. The value of gamma can be specified for a color space so that the correct tonality can be reproduced.

A color filter made of gelatin. Since gelatin can be dyed with a wide range of materials, filters can be made with a variety of colors for various effects. Nikon does not make gel gelatin filters. Most Gel filters are made by Kodak under the “Wratten” brand name but other manufacturers also supply gel filters. These filters can be purchased from specialty camera stores and they usually come in 3″ x 3″ or 4″ x 4″ sheets. These sheets should be custom-cut by the user for the desired application.

Many different types are available for color correction and neutral density effects. Geotagging is the practice of recording and sharing GPS coordinates captured at the time that photos or videos are shot.

Some photographers like to keep detailed records of exactly where they have traveled and photographed; while other photographers like to share the GPS coordinates with others so they too can visit these locations. A double image that results from using flash in relatively bright light at a low shutter speed. The two images, one from the ambient light and a second from the flash, do not perfectly coincide.

Graphics image format. This is a raster-oriented graphic file format that allows the exchange of image files across multiple platforms. A gigabyte gb is a unit of information equal to 1, megabytes or approximately 1,,, bytes. It is available in select Nikon digital cameras. New copies of the photo are stored as separate files. One such enhancement is Big Eyes, which makes the eyes of a portrait subject look bigger than they are.

One such enhancement is powder, which makes your portrait subject’s skin tone brighter. One such enhancement is Brighten Faces, which brightens the skin tone on a portrait subject’s face. One such enhancement is eye shadow, which allows you to select one of four colors—purple, pink, brown and green—to enhance your portrait subject. One such enhancement is glare reduction, which reduces glare visible on a portrait subject’s face. One such enhancement is Hide Eyebags, which hides the effect of dark bags under a portrait subject’s eyes.

One such enhancement is lipstick, which allows you to select one of four colors—red, pink, beige and orange—to enhance your portrait subject.

One such enhancement is mascara, which allows you to choose one of five selectable types—natural, volume, long, upper and bottom natural , and upper and bottom volume —to enhance your portrait subject.

One such enhancement is Redden Cheeks, which adds color to the cheeks of a portrait subject. One such enhancement is small face. One such enhancement is Whiten Eyes, which whitens the white part of the human eye in portrait photographs. One such enhancement is Whiten Teeth, which makes the teeth whiter on a portrait subject.

With distance-priority manual flash operation the guide number is automatically determined by the Speedlight according to the distance value and aperture set.

Global Positioning System, in which the receiver calculates its position on the earth by timing signals received from GPS satellites. A term particular to film, it refers to the appearance of grain the structure of a film’s coating or emulsion in a print, transparency or negative. A term used to describe an image that contains multiple shades of gray, as well as black and white. Often used in imaging programs as a synonym for black-and-white. With Group-area AF, the camera focuses using a group of five focus points the center one is not shown when the Group-area AF focus points are illuminated selected by the user.

This reduces the risk of the camera focusing on the background instead of on the main subject. Choose this mode for subjects that are difficult to photograph using a single focus point. If faces are detected in AF-S focus mode, the camera will give priority to portrait subjects; or when no faces are present, focuses on the closest subject to the camera. MPEG formats use three types of compressed frames, organized in a group of pictures, or GOP, to achieve interframe compression.

The information is used to help determine ambient and flash exposure. A G-type lens will have the abbreviation G labeled on the lens barrel.

Guide Mode provides instant in-camera guidance that shows you step-by-step how to change camera settings to achieve the picture you want. To use you select a Guide Mode setting that matches the scene you are shooting, and let it assist you, so you learn while obtaining the desired results.

Indicates the power of a flash in relation to ISO film speed. It is a form of accent lighting. A phenomenon that arises when light scattered within the film emulsion continues through the film base and is reflected. A reproduction of an image through a special screen. The screen is made up of a variety of different sized dots to simulate shades of gray in a photograph. An incandescent light bulb that contains a tungsten filament. Emits light with a higher color temperature than an incandescent bulb.

High-Definition Multimedia Interface is used to transmit uncompressed digital audio and video. HDR photography is a method of capturing multiple images combined to create one with the wide range of tones in a high contrast scene—a range that our eyes can discern, but digital sensors can’t render in a single shot. High Definition Television. HDTV has a higher resolution than standard definition television sets.

Video captured in high resolution. The “p” represents progressive scanning, where each line in the video is scanned in sequence. The “i” represents interlaced scanning, where lines are scanned in an alternating fashion. An extended distance from the eyepiece to the eyepoint. Important for eyeglass wearers.

An advantage that greatly increases photographic possibilities, High ISO capability delivers excellent exposures in challenging, low light conditions, broadening the scope of possible subjects and allowing scenes to be captured beautifully without compromising natural light.

A Special Effect that is available on select Nikon digital cameras, for use when shooting bright scenes, to create moody images with prominent highlights. You can shoot stills or movies using the High Key special effect. Choose whether the brightest areas of the frame highlights are shown by slanting lines zebra stripes in the display during movie live view.

Available with select cameras such as the D When selected, the camera assigns the greatest weight to highlights. Use this metering mode to reduce loss of detail in highlights, for example when photographing spotlit performers on a stage. A viewfinder used for viewing the entire image at a magnification higher than that with a standard viewfinder.

Useful for close-up work, copy stand work and when trying to focus on subjects with fine detail. You can change the setting from normal to slow or fast while recording movies. A graphic representation of the range of tones from dark to light within a photo.

Some digital cameras include a histogram feature that enables a precise check on the exposure of the photo. The home screen displays the shooting and playback mode icons as well as buttons for upload, settings and browser.

You can place widgets on the home screen to control specific functions, as well as see the status bar, dock bar and shortcuts to apps. A mounting device, usually built onto the top of a camera, that enables a flash unit or select accessories to be mounted on the camera. It is a site that offers internet access over a wireless LAN local area network by connecting a router to an internet service provider. Many hotspots are free for the public to use, while others charge users to access the internet via their hotspot.

Provides the option to plug and unplug a computer peripheral or a camera into and out of a USB or FireWire port while the computer is on. With a refractive index of more than 2. Therefore, HRI lenses achieve great optical performance in an even more compact body.

A term that describes the entire range of colors of the spectrum. Half the screen size of VGA screens. First, camera shake is corrected with the Lens Shift VR. If further image correction is required, the camera automatically takes two shots, one with a small amount of blurring taken at a faster than normal shutter speed, and another with a large amount of blurring taken at the normal shutter speed the image with camera shake.

It then aligns the two images to detect how much each pixel has moved. An appropriate amount of blurring, noise and chroma is extracted from each image, and a stabilized image is produced by processing the images while altering the synthesis ratio of both images. This method is most effective with large amounts of blurring. The closest point you can focus a lens and still have the depth-of-field including infinity when the lens is focused on infniity.

The maximum permissible circle of confusion will vary depending on the image reproduction size, image capture format and other variables. Laser provides quick and stable measurement response regardless of distance approximately 0. Delivers the one number you need for your best chance at factoring in relevant angles. These lenses will be designated with the abbreviation IF on the lens barrel. Intra I frames, also known as reference or key frames, contain the necessary data to re-create a complete image.

This secure software checks if an image has been processed or edited after capture. An application that enables you to view digital photos. Some browsers also allow you to rename files, convert photos from one file format to another and add text descriptions. A computer program that enables you to adjust a photo to improve or change its appearance. The results, which make use of RAW data from the camera’s image sensor, are noticeably better than photographs combined in imaging software.

Check your camera’s manual for step-by-step instructions. The number of pixels in a digital photo is commonly referred to as its image resolution. A function that controls the sharpness of outlines in photographs. The dimensions of an image in pixels. Image Space is Nikon’s online image storage website. It was formerly called My Picturetown. When shooting HDR, the camera automatically combines two exposures to form a single image that captures a wide range of tones, from shadows to highlights.

The first exposure is darker underexposed and the second exposure brighter overexposed. They are combined into one image that has a wider range of tones than can be captured in one exposure. Along with choosing the exposure difference, the user is given the choice of Smoothing high, normal or low.

Smoothing refers to the look of the composite HDR image. High and normal produce a more natural look, whereas low produces an image with a more surreal look. Incandescent is a white balance setting. When manually setting the white balance on your digital camera, and shooting under incandescent lights indoor residential lighting you use the incandescent setting to color balance the available light so it is captured correctly by the camera.

A type of hand-held meter that measures the light falling on a subject. Index markers are used in editing. Index markers are reference points, used to locate frames during playback or editing, and do not alter the actual video. Individual Focus Eyepieces focus separately from one another. Primarily used for specialty binoculars or where extreme waterproofing is required.

Removes the need to adjust focus for varying distances. A focus mode available on select Nikon digital cameras. Use the Infinity setting when shooting distant scenes or when shooting landscapes. In infrared photography with most lenses, the plane of sharpest focus is slightly farther away than that in visible-light photography.

Specially sensitized film that detects invisible infrared rays. Refers to taking pictures in light beyond the visible spectrum. A printer that places ink on the paper by spraying droplets through tiny nozzles. The process whereby an image-editing program adds supplemental pixels that are created from the image’s existing, neighboring pixels, in effect creating a file with more image data and thus producing better image output.

Interpupillary distance varies among individuals, so adjust the distance of the eyepiece lenses according to your own interpupillary distance. Hold the binoculars with both hands. While looking at a distant object, carefully move the binocular tubes downward or upward until left and right fields are correctly aligned, forming a perfect circle.

If the interpupillary distance has not been properly adjusted, the image might be uncomfortable to view. A timing device that is used to trigger the camera’s shutter at pre-determined intervals.

It is used in time lapse photography. It is also known as an interval timer. When selected, Interval timer shooting will automatically capture still images continuously at the specified interval.


Nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free.Nikon D5500 Review


An affordable memory card, like SD cards and storage, was never a problem for a professional or amateur photographer. However, it is not just about the high-quality images, either. It is exclusive to Nikon cameras and is written to the memory card in an uncompressed form. NEF files protect much of the information about the captured scene, and they allow more refined control and non-destructive editing.

You can adjust and look with different filters and effects and never compromise the original image. Furthermore, nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free long as the digital negative DNG is safe somewhere in the disk or memory card, it can continually return to its original state.

However, if you use excellent data recovery software, like Disk Drill, you should be able to recover those files. Disk Drill is one of the most consistent data recovery programs on the market, and can effortlessly recover lost NEF data from any storage medium, including SD cards, flash drives, external hard drives, or other media storage.

It also includes a trial version for Windows version that lets you recover up to MB of data and comes with all the features of nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free paid edition.

This usually renders your files inaccessible and may even cause your photos to appear distorted. One of the more common reasons for NEF file corruption is the bad sectors found in an SD card or other storage medium.

To fix this, you can leverage the built-in Windows CHKDSK tool which is capable of uncovering the bad sectors and potentially fixing issues related to them. Corrupted NEF files have a tendency to become inaccessible to the nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free image viewer that comes with Windows operating systems and sometimes even refuses to open with third-party programs as well.

To retrieve data directly from the Recycle Bin, follow these steps below:. Acquiring documents back from the Mac Trash is as simple as getting them back from the Recycle Bin.

Fortunately, many iterations of Windows and Mac operating systems are fully capable of opening NEF files through their built-in image viewers. If for whatever reason, your Windows machine is having trouble accessing these images, you can download and install the official NEF Codec and it should allow you to open them like any other photo. Many other NEF file openers and viewers are available that can open this kind of extension.

These are different tools NEF files can open:. Updated on July 1, Emma Продолжение здесь. Brett Johnson. Launch it and follow the installation instructions until the software is successfully nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free. Free Download. Note: You can right-click any of the images and select Preview to bring up a panel on the right side of the window.

This gives you a glimpse of the file contents before you больше информации to recover it. The Windows version of Disk Drill also has a Recovery chances column that tells you how good the odds are of the file being recovered successfully. Note: Other methods of searching your computer could turn up a missing file. You may have mistakenly relocated it to another area, possibly even the nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free.

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Nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free. Fix Corrupted Nikon NEF Images


The images from the D came out great, but there were some that I would like to make little adjustments to, like color temp and exposure. However, when I open them in ViewNX, the option to adjust them isn’t available. I thought maybe my computer software was outdated, so I tried getting the most recent version from Nikon. Still no luck. I also downloaded a free trial of Capture NX2, hoping that might help. Still not able to make adjustments to it. What did I do wrong, and is there anyway to do the adjustments outside of Photoshop?

I don’t have Lightroom, so that’s not an option. One other thing I am having a hard time understanding: when I left the NEF files un-corrected, but converted them to. JPG files, the file sizes were tiny! Like, 1MB or less! What is up with this? Is it just a fluke with this rented camera, or am I doing something serial number sony vegas 9 free I’ve never experienced this before with my D Are you certain you have the current version of Capture NX2?

Version 2. Matt LaurSep 13, I would try with a another computer. When converting nefs to jpeg check that conversion is made in desired pixel dimensions and in desired quality. ViewNX2 is going thew same way sooner or later too. Better get the latest, supported, tools, especially since they’re both free.

While CaptureNX-D isn’t quite the application NX2 used to be, as a basic raw editor, it does what it is supposed to do, and it comes free. However, if you have too old versions software, it shouldn’t open the NEF files at all.

So it’s maybe something like the files being protected, or some weird setting. Were you able to open the files in CaptureNX2 without warnings or error messages? Once opened, were all menus greyed out, or just some of them? In ViewNX2, do you see any icons enabled when you читать статью a D image that you usually do not see with your own D?

Wouter WillemseSep 14, I would try: a Transferring the images from your media card by dragging and dropping using your computer’s operating system rather than Nikon Transfer which can sometimes corrupt images if the version of Nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free is nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free than the NEF version.

Richard WilliamsSep 14, Go to your image folder with the operatating system functionality windows explorer to see if you really nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free nef’s along with jpg’s. I have a CNX-2 основываясь на этих данных a version number 2. And a thing more: how did you set up the memory cards – one for jpg’s and one for nef’s?

My guess is that the solution is somewhere around here. Do you have Photo Shiop? You could try taking one. NEF file and convert it to a. TIF file. Do a bit of Photo Shop editing on the.

TIF file, then save the new file in the Photo Shop format. Then make a. You should have a somewhat larger. More work, nikon capture nx2 cannot open nef free you want a print from a larger. ViewNX-i and NX-D have not yet become useable in day-to-day use – too much crashing, too many usability issues. I hope Nikon gets serious about software one day not too distant in the future. I don’t like ACR conversions much but am forced to use them because the new Nikon software simply won’t work correctly.

There are alternatives to Adobe; I’ve по ссылке on CaptureOne, microsoft office activating free I continue to appreciate more and more. DxO has happy users – in no way you’re forced to stick with ACR. Http://replace.me/22083.txt must log in or sign up to reply here. Show Ignored Content. Share This Page Tweet.

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